Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of talking treatment which focuses on how your cognitions, (thoughts) what you believe and your attitudes and how they affect your feelings and behaviour, and teaches you coping skills for dealing with different problems.
It combines cognitive therapy (examining the things you think) and behaviour therapy (examining the things you do).
CBT is based on the idea that the way we think about situations can affect the way we feel and behave. For example, if you perceive a situation negatively then you might experience negative emotions as a result, and those bad feelings might then lead you to behave in a certain way that promotes bad feelings.
CBT helps to change these negative patterns of thinking and behaving by helping a person understand these negative patterns and ultimately changing them.
CBT can be used to treat following conditions:
Anxiety disorders (including panic attacks and post-traumatic stress disorder)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Schizophrenia and psychosis
Low self esteem and confidence
CBT can be used in conjunction with prescribed medication to treat anxiety and depression or on its own.